Trocar site placement for laparoscopic pull-through and other colon resections.
Trocar site placement for ovarian cystectomy.
Trocar site placement for surgery for undescended testicle.
Trocar site placement for laparoscopic fundoplication.
Trocar sites for laparoscopic pyloromyotomy.
Patient position and trocar sites for pediatric laparoscopic splenectomy. Note that the patient is in the lateral position, and the operating table has been flexed to increase the distance between costal margin and superior iliac crest.
Trocar site placement for pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy is similar to the adult procedure.
Trocar sites for laparoscopic appendectomy (alternate placement) with two monitors. Surgeon stands to the left, assistant may need to stand to the left.
Demonstration of port placement for repair of a ventral hernia in the upper abdomen. Place the first trocar in the lower midline, 2 or 3 in. inferior to the ventral hernia. Ventral hernias in the lower abdomen require placement of the camera port in the u
Trocar placement for TEP.