Sometimes bile duct cannulation requires orientation of the cannula in a cephalad direction. This can be accomplished by using a sphincterotome. Tightening the cutting wire bows the cannula upward and produces a more cephalad orientation for the tip of th
Trocar sites for laparoscopic appendectomy (alternate placement) with two monitors. Surgeon stands to the left, assistant may need to stand to the left.
Authors: Takeshi Ohdaira, Prof, Makoto Hashizume, Prof