V.v. Grubnik, O.i. Tkachenko, V.v. Ilyashenko, E.i. Shapovalova. Odessa national medical university, Ukraine
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for choledocholithiasis is a popular option in many surgical institutes. Decompression of biliary system via T-tube post supra-duodenal choledochotomy has been the traditional surgical practice. Primary closure of common bile duct (CBD) has been shown to reduce hospital stay but bears a risk of bile leak. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to compare complications and length of stay in patients undergoing biliary stent insertion versus T-tube drainage following LCBDE via choledochotomy.
METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The study involves 52 patients with choledocholithiasis who underwent LCBDE and decompression of the biliary system by either antegrade biliary stent or T-tube insertion. A 7 French biliary stent (9 – 10 cm long) have been placed in 27 patients (group I), T-tube insertion have been used for 25 patients (group II). The length of hospital stay and complications were recorded. All transcystic explorations were excluded.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences between groups with respect to age, sex, comorbidities, number and size of CBD stones. Postoperative complications have been observed in 3 patients (11.4 %) in the T-tube group (one patient needed reoperation for dislocation of T-tube), and in 1 patient (3.7 %) in the biliary stent group (p < 0.05). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.2 ± 1.2 days for group I, and 6.2 ± 1.7 days for group II (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed a reduction of length of hospital stay and morbidity following stent insertion compared to T-tube drainage. Also, the use of biliary stent after LCBDE can reduce costs and increase patient satisfaction.
Presented at the SAGES 2017 Annual Meeting in Houston, TX.
Abstract ID: 77336
Program Number: S003
Presentation Session: Biliary
Presentation Type: Podium