Short-term Host Tissue Response to a Novel Fully-absorbable Composite Barrier Mesh

Jeffrey R Scott, PhD1, Corey R Deeken, PhD2. 1Brown University, C.R. Bard, Inc. (Davol), 2Covalent Bio LLC

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the peritoneal tissue attachment (adhesion) characteristics and histological properties associated with a novel, fully-absorbable, poly-4-hydroxybutyrate/absorbable barrier composite mesh (Phasix™ ST), compared to a partially-absorbable, polypropylene/absorbable barrier composite mesh (Ventralight™ ST) in both small and large animal models.

Methods: In the small animal model, a single mesh (2x2cm) was unilaterally implanted within the intraperitoneal position via open surgical approach in 10 male, Sprague-Dawley rats (n=5 animals/mesh type), and evaluated at 2 weeks.  In the large animal model, meshes (10x15cm ellipse) were bilaterally implanted via laparoscopic surgical approach in 8 female, Yorkshire pigs (n=4 animals/mesh type), and evaluated at 4 weeks. A single mesh type was implanted in a given animal, with meshes placed on either side of the midline. The percent mesh area covered by peritoneal tissue attachments (adhesions), attachment severity, and histological properties were recorded. Semi-quantitative scores were analyzed via non-parametric, Mann-Whitney test and presented as median ± interquartile range.  Mesh area covered by peritoneal tissue attachments (adhesions) was analyzed via unpaired, two-tailed t-test and presented as mean ± standard deviation.

Results: As shown in the table below, Phasix™ ST and Ventralight™ ST meshes displayed a similar host response in both small and large animal models, with no significant differences detected between mesh types (p>0.05 in all cases).  Generally, both mesh types were associated with minimal, low severity peritoneal tissue attachments (adhesions), mild/moderate inflammation, mild collagen deposition, and mild neovascularization in both small and large animal models.  Although not statistically significant, a trend toward lower percent mesh area covered by peritoneal tissue attachments (adhesions) was observed for Phasix™ ST.

RAT STUDY (n=5) Phasix™ ST Mesh Ventralight™ ST Mesh
Attachment coverage area (%) 2.9 ± 3.9% 13.5 ± 10.1%
Attachment score

0.0 (0.0-1.0)

1.0 (1.0-1.0)

Inflammation

 2.0 (2.0-2.5)

 3.0 (3.0-3.0)

Collagen deposition

 2.0 (2.0-2.0)

2.0 (2.0-2.0)

Neovascularization

2.0 (1.5-2.0)

2.0 (1.5-2.0)

     
PORCINE  STUDY (n=8)

Phasix™ ST Mesh 

Ventralight™ ST Mesh

Attachment coverage area (%)

2.9 ± 2.9% 24.6 ± 35.5%
Attachment score

1.0 (0.0-1.0)

 0.5 (0.0-4.25)

Inflammation

3.0 (3.0-3.0)

3.0 (3.0-3.0)

Collagen deposition

2.0 (1.25-2.75)

2.0 (2.0-2.0)

Neovascularization

2.0 (2.0-2.0)

2.0 (2.0-2.0)

Conclusions:

Data suggest that a novel fully-absorbable composite barrier mesh (Phasix™ ST) demonstrated a comparable short-term host tissue response to a partially-absorbable, polypropylene/absorbable barrier composite mesh (Ventralight™ ST) following implantation in both rat and porcine models.

DAV/PHST/0915/0020

« Return to SAGES 2016 abstract archive