Salvatore Docimo, DO, MS, Konstantinos Spaniolas, MD, Maria Alteri, Andrew Bates, Mark Talamini, Aurora Pryor. Stony Brook Medicine
Introduction: Patients undergoing abdominal wall reconstruction are at an increased risk of developing respiratory complications. Previous studies have demonstrated that postoperative findings, such as an increase in plateau pressure greater than 6 cm H2O following fascial closure, creates an increased risk of postoperative respiratory complications. The purpose of this study is to determine if specific preoperative characteristics are an indicator for postoperative respiratory failure.
Method: The 2005-2013 ACS-NSQIP participant use data was reviewed to evaluate post-operative intubation status following abdominal wall reconstruction procedures for ventral hernias. Prolonged intubation, defined as intubation up to 48 hours post-operatively, was evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to control for patient demographics and comorbidities. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were reported as appropriate using SPSS.
Results: 4,378 patients were identified. Majority (51%) of patients were female. Approximately 2.2% of patients experienced a prolonged intubation. Factors such as a history of severe COPD, ASA 3 or 4, current smoker within one year, and a BMI > 40 were all found to have a significant association with a prolonged intubation. Table 1 demonstrates the statistical findings of each significant variable.
95% CI Lower
95% CI Upper
|History of Severe COPD||1.79||1.05||3.06||p<0.034|
|ASA 3 or 4||1.76||1.11||2.77||p<0.014|
|Current Smoker Within One Year||1.96||1.31||2.93||p<0.001|
|BMI > 40 kg/m2||2.21||1.09||4.48||0.029|
Conclusion: Post-operative prolonged intubation is a known complication of abdominal wall reconstruction. We have demonstrated that pre-operative factors, such as a history of COPD, ASA 3 or 4, current smoker, and a BMI > 40 kg/m2 are factors associated with a prolonged intubation. Optimization of each may allow for a reduction in the risk of prolonged intubation in patients undergoing abdominal wall reconstruction.
Presented at the SAGES 2017 Annual Meeting in Houston, TX.
Abstract ID: 87820
Program Number: S001
Presentation Session: Hernia Session
Presentation Type: Podium