Introduction: Controversies still persist regarding the appropriateness of laparoscopic surgery in patients with rectal carcinoma because of the uncertainty of long-term outcome, and of concerns over the safety of the procedure. Recently, several studies analyzing the risk factors of laparoscopic surgery for rectal carcinoma have been reported, and in some reports, male gender has been regarded as a risk factor for intraoperative conversion to open surgery and for early morbidity, but other studies showed opposite findings. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of gender on early surgical outcomes after laparoscopic surgery for rectal carcinoma.
Methods: A total of 1073 patients with carcinoma of the rectum and anus, who initially underwent laparoscopic surgery, were collected from 28 institutions and retrospectively reviewed. Short-term surgical outcomes were compared between male and female patients.
Results: Patientsf preoperative clinical characteristics were similar except for BMI (male 23.2, female 22.3, P
Program Number: P134