Juan Manuel Sanguinetti, MD1, Edgar J Figueredo, MD2, Manuel Sanguinetti, MD1, Mario Teixeira, MS1, Claudia Lorentti, MS3, Gustavo Burghi, MD4, Alfredo Scelza, MD3. 1Sanatorio Cantegril AMDM-IAMPP/ Claeh Punta del Este University, 2Seattle Veterans Hospital, University of Washinton, 3Claeh Punta del Este University, 4Sanatorio Cantegril AMDM-IAMPP
INTRODUCTION: There is a sense by the surgical community that the surgeon career and surgery itself is an unhealthy work or at least it creates stress and disturbances in the quality of life of surgeons. But there has been little study of the subject not only in our Country but also in the region and throughout the world. There is interest in studying the biological factors altered during the surgical procedure, which is novel in our field, in the region and has limited literature at international level.
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of changes in basic physiological parameters, blood pressure and heart rate of surgeons during a coordinated surgery.
MATERIAL AND METHOD: N: 15 general surgeons. A short survey and measurement table was carried out; surgeons from Punta del Este, Uruguay, were studied. Main study variables: heart rate and blood pressure. A Timex frequency band and sensor was used, placing the sensor within the 15 preoperative minutes, was used to mesure the heart rate(HR). Second main variable: blood pressure (BP) with manual measurement sleeve. Preoperative BP and immediate postoperative BP were measured, we were not able to measure intraoperative BP due to the lack of consent of the surgeons involved for the use of other devices different from the heart rate band. Secondary variables: years from graduation, years of practice, age, body mass index (BMI), number of medical co-morbidities, number of jobs, sleeping hours the night before. We took measurements to surgeons during a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
RESULTS: The mean preoperative heart rate was 77.8 bpm. The mean minimum intraoperative heart rate was 86 bpm. The mean maximum intraoperative heart rate was 115.2 bpm (86% with tachycardia at the surgery). The mean immediate postoperative heart rate was 89.5 cpm. The mean heart rate 15 minutes after the postoperative phase was 80.1 cpm. At the immediate preoperative phase 53% of surgeons had elevated BP level (usual normotensives). At the immediate postoperative phase 73% of surgeons had elevated BP level. One of the surgeons had to be treated in the emergency room since he had up to 250 mmhg in his systolic bp.
CONCLUSIONS: According to our study, the small number of subjects in the study were affected adversely when vital signs were measured. Only one subject whom exercises regularly didn't present abnormal values. We concluded that indeed our surgical job is an stressful event and it affected all of the subjects except the healthiest one.
Presented at the SAGES 2017 Annual Meeting in Houston, TX.
Abstract ID: 87500
Program Number: P764
Presentation Session: iPoster Session (Non CME)
Presentation Type: Poster