Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and technical aspects of a new endoluminal surgical procedure: transvaginal laparoscopically assisted endoscopic cholecystectomy.
Methodology: Three female patients underwent transvaginal laparoscopically assisted endoscopic cholecystectomy (age range: 40, 61 and 33 years). Pneumoperitoneum was created through 5mm supraumbilical incision. Through the posterior fornix of the vagina the second 10mm trocar, laparoscope and 5mm laparoscopic grasper were introduced. The gallbladder was dissected using standard 5mm laparoscopic grasper, hook, electrocoagulation and harmonic shears introduced supraumbilically. The dissected gallbladder was removed in a specimen retrieval bag.
Results: Transvaginal laparoscopically assisted endoscopic cholecystectomy was feasible in all patients. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were observed and there was no need for extra-umbilical skin incisions. Total operative time ranged between 60 and 75 minutes. Median length of hospital stay was 1 day.
Conclusions: This was the first clinical application of transvaginal laparoscopically assisted cholecystectomy in Croatia. The initial clinical application of this technique in 3 female patients was feasible, effective and safe when performed by experienced laparoscopic surgeons using standard laparoscopic instruments.
Program Number: P239