Location of ports for HALS D1 and D2
Location of ports for HALS D1 and D2 gastrectomy: Omniport; optical port; instrument ports.
Laparoscopic Treatment of GERD and Hiatal Hernia
Trocar placement for laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Five 10-mm trocars are generally used, but the two lateral retraction ports, and occasionally others can be downsized to 5 mm with appropriate instrumentation.