Image Category: Outcomes / Complications Of Surgery

CD perforation during IOC

In spite of the fact that IOC may help us to find CBD stones and clarify the exact anatomy, it may cause some complications like cystic duct perforation. It may cause post operative biloma if not diagnose intra-operatively.

Fundoplicature nissen migrated into the thorax

woman, 36 years old, surgery for gerd 3 years ago, heartburn, regurgitation and nausea

aorto-duodenal fistula

erosion of an aortic graft into the duodenum

Aorto-duodenal fistula

erosion of an aortic graft into the duodenum

common bile duct injury

Composite of transhepatic cholangiogram & ERCP in a pt with common bile injury just below the confluence of the right and left hepatic ducts

Stapler complication

Surgical field—Laparoscopic view- Bowel perforation due to excessive pushing of stapler during laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy anastomosis.

Drain site hernia

A 67 yrs old lady who underwent LAR for Rectal Ca 10 days ago came back because "guts came out of the place where the rubber tape was before". Upon examination this very unusual finding was seen.

Trocar site hernia

This is a picture of an incarcerated trocar site hernia with obstructed small bowel. This was a 10 mm trocar placed lateral to the rectus muscle with superficial fascial closure. See video at

PEG through Transverse Colon

Laparoscopic image of a PEG through the transverse colon.

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