Should Residents Perform Bariatric Surgery?

Jose S Pinheiro, MD, Guilherme Zanco, MS, Adriano Corona, MD, Alceu Beani, MD, Jose F Farah, MD. General Surgery Service, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo, Brazil and University of the City of São Paulo, Brazil – UNICID

Introduction: Our hypothesis is that bariatric surgery may be performed by residents with good results.
Methods and Procedures: In our Institution, fourth year residents of the Advanced General Surgery Program receive theoretical bariatric surgery information, participate in the Multidisciplinary Bariatric Team, and perform bariatric procedures in animal and non-animal models. 180 bariatric patients were submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass performed by fourth year residents. Preceptor surgeons with experience in bariatric surgery were present in all procedures. Results were analyzed and compared to the literature.
Results: Mean age was 43.7 years. 162 were women and 18 were men. Mean preoperative BMI was 47.3kg/m². Mean operative time was 227 minutes. Mean hospital stay was 68 hours. Early postoperative complication rate was 11.4% and late postoperative complication rate was 21.3%. There was 1 death. Follow-up was 88% and EWL was 78% at 2 years of follow-up.
Results: Residents may perform bariatric surgery with results similar to the literature. Theoretical and practical guidance is fundamental for achieving good results.

Session: Poster
Program Number: P055
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