Inpatient Mortality and Length of Stay Comparison of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy and Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrojejunostomy

Introduction: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy (PEGJ) are endoscopic procedures often performed by surgeons. No recent population based study has compared inpatient mortality or length of stay between patients who undergo PEG or PEGJ placement during their hospitalization.

Methods: Patients undergoing inpatient PEG or PEGJ placement >=18 year old were identified from the 2006 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. Baseline characteristics of each group were compared and outcomes of risk adjusted inpatient mortality and length of stay were determined. Means were compared using a complex sample t-test and proportions compared using a complex sample chi square test with an alpha level of 0.05 for significance. Bivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate PEG or PEGJ placement as a risk factor for mortality.

Results: In the 2006 NIS, 187,597 discharges were identified during which a PEG or PEGJ was placed. Ninety-six percent (179,587) of patients underwent PEG placement and 4% (8,010) had PEGJ tubes placed. Fifty-one percent were men with mean age for PEG and PEGJ placement 71.3±0.3 years (mean±standard error) and 64.8±0.8 years, respectively (p

Session: Podium Presentation

Program Number: S103

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