Early Single Stage Operative Management of Sleeve Gastrectomy Leaks Without Endoscopic Stent Placement

Abdelrahman A Nimeri, MD, Maria Margarita, MD, Mohammed B Al Hadad, RN. SKMC managed by Cleveland Clinic

 

Sleeve gastrectomy is considered a primary treatment for morbid obesity. Leaks following sleeve gastrectomy are not uncommon, and may lead to major morbidity, and prolonged hospital stay.2 The leak rate from gastric staple line ranges from 1.4 – 20% Endoscopic stent placement is a potential management strategy. However, it requires expertise, may not heal the leak, lead to stent migration, or significant dysphagia in some patients. A standard method of managing leaks following sleeve gastrectomy has not been established.
 
Objective:
 
To evaluate the outcomes of consecutive patients with leaks following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy managed at BMI Abu Dhabi.
 
Methods:
 
We performed a retrospective analysis of our prospectively maintained data base of consecutive patients with leaks after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy managed at BMI Abu Dhabi utilizing a standardized operative management strategy without the use of endoscopic stenting between April 2010 and April 2011. All patients were optimized, and resuscitated adequately before surgery. Data was obtained from the hospital medical record, and IRB approval was obtained.
 
Results:
 
All patients were referred to BMI Abu Dhabi; during the same time period we performed 34 laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies without a leak. We identified a total of four patients. Two patients were done at a private hospital in the UAE, one done in Jordan, and one in Egypt. All patients were referred for higher level of care. All patients were optimized, and resuscitated adequately before surgery. Intraoperatively, all patients had endoscopy and a T tube was placed into the leak if identified clearly; Otherwise, the area of the leak was drained adequately and a jejunostomy tube was inserted in a standard fashion. No attempts were made at suturing the leak site. All leaks healed following an initial period of inpatient hospital stay, followed by an outpatient period on jejunostomy tube feeding and Nil Per Os (NPO). All Leaks healed without the need for endoscopic stent placement.
 
Conclusion:
 
Early single stage operative management of leaks after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy utilizing a standardized operative strategy without the use of endoscopic stenting is both safe and effective.
  

Preoperative data
AgeSexTime to presentation to BMI Abu DhabiInitial operationTime to SurgeryOperative strategy
49F6 weeksRevision of LAGB to sleeve7 weeksOpen SB resection, ECF resection, J tube
35M4 weeksRevision of LAGB to sleeve1 weeksOpen G tube, J tube
27F5 weeksRevision of LAGB to sleeve5 weeksLap T Tube & J tube, drains
36F4 weeksPrimary Sleeve4 weeksLap J tube & drain
Postoperative data
Radiological drainageReoperationLOSTime to leak closureOutcome
NoneNone26 weeks16 weeksHealed
NoneNone4 weeks4 weeksHealed
Pre and post surgeryNone4 weeks8 weeksHealed
Pre surgery onlyNone4 weeks8 weeksHealed

*Patient referred to our unit in acute renal failure on dialysis, intubated, septic with a high output enterocutaneous fistula, a gastrocutaneous fistula, pancytopenia, and severe malnutrition.


Session Number: Poster – Poster Presentations
Program Number: P429
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